The goal of the foundation’s Agricultural Development program is to support country-led inclusive agricultural transformation across Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The program focuses on four strategic goals that help drive agricultural transformation and that ensure this transformation is inclusive: increasing agricultural productivity for smallholder farmers (SHF); increasing SHF household income; increasing equitable consumption of safe, affordable, and nutritious diets year-round; and increasing women’s empowerment in agriculture. The foundation invests in this sector and in these ways because increasing productivity in agriculture has proven to be more effective at lifting people out of poverty than growth in other sectors.
Agricultural transformation requires a supportive policy environment, sustained public investment in modernizing the rural sector, and engagement with the private sector, which together can enable a critical mass of SHFs to transition from subsistence farming to commercial farming. The resulting growth in productivity generates marketable surpluses and increases farmers’ income, which in turn spurs growth in the rural economy through expanded business opportunities in transporting, trading, processing, and retailing farm surpluses; increased demand for local goods and services from better-off farm households; and increased real income for all consumers due to lower food prices. As the agricultural services industry grows, it provides employment opportunities off the farm, increases the availability of fresh and processed foods in rural towns and urban centers, and increases demand for farm products. This potentially virtuous cycle is subject to volatility, however, especially due to shifting government policies and variable weather patterns. But when it’s successful, it is the central process by which productivity growth lifts huge numbers of rural poor out of poverty.
Agricultural Policy, and associated data investments, represent cross-cutting elements within the Agricultural Development strategy. Through this work, the foundation strives to boost the effectiveness of policy planning and investment decisions aimed at advancing inclusive agricultural transformation using quality data and analytics. This work aims (i) to support more systematic policy prioritization and (ii) to address market failures, due to policy, regulations, and imperfect information, that are impeding smallholder access to relevant products and services.
The foundation works to develop and improve information systems to enable better decision-making by public and private actors in the agricultural sector. The policy and data investments support the prioritization, design and implementation of effective national policies and regulations, as well as strong institutional architecture with clear roles and responsibilities regarding data generation and use. This work strengthens the policy and data components of the foundation’s other Agricultural Development portfolios, and supports the development of replicable tools, assets and methods to address systemic policy and market challenges. Key areas of focus include: testing replicable approaches to national inclusive agricultural transformation policy prioritization and planning; strengthening data ecosystems and the use of new data collection, exchange and analytics technologies in service of improved market transparency and public policies and programs; and strengthening donor coordination around initiatives for more modernized and cost-effective national agricultural statistics.
The foundation’s approach to investment and implementation is divided into two closely interlinked bodies of work:
(i) improving national and state-level policies and resource allocation in both Africa and Asia, and (ii) shaping inclusive markets in both Africa and Asia – to support more systematic policy prioritization and address market failures, due to policy, regulations, and imperfect information, that are impeding smallholder access to relevant products and services.
The Senior Advisor, Agricultural Policy, will be responsible for providing strategic vision, leadership, and high quality technical expertise in agricultural policy. The position will work across all Agricultural Development (‘AgDev’) teams to provide data-driven analysis that is coupled with practical knowledge of the political economy in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.