Relief International has recently commenced a “Response Mechanism for Addressing Protracted Displacement in Rakhine State, Myebon and Mrauk U.” This is a new LIFT-funded project that inter alia will support durable solutions and the integration of the Muslim IDP camp into Myebon town. There are approximately 3,000 IDPs living in the camp, which is located about 300m from the town. The IDPs originate from the town, and are being provided permanent housing on the site of the IDP camp, under an initiative that is being led by the local authorities.
RI is seeking an international consultant to carry out a gender analysis relating to the process of IDP camp closure in Myebon town in terms of livelihoods opportunities. Due to access and acceptance issues, the international consultant should team up with a national consultant(s), who should be proposed by the international consultant.
The gender analysis will explore how livelihoods opportunities can help promote greater acceptance of gender diversity and gender equality within and between the Rakhine and Muslim populations in Myebon. It will consider differences in attitudes towards engagement in income-generating activities among women, men, adolescent girls and adolescent boys. It will also consider differences in opportunities for gender transformation through livelihoods work. The aim of the gender analysis is to inform future programming for the project.
For the purpose of this analysis, gender should be understood as socially constructed behaviors, roles, expectations, attributes and opportunities associated with being a particular sex. Gender changes across time and location. Individual people can perform multiple genders depending on what they are doing, who they are with and how they are expected to behave. In any given location, there are often dominant forms of gender for males and females, and men and women are expected to conform to these forms. Genders are constructed through institutional power, cultural and social norms, family systems and individual internalization of ideas about gender that come from parents, teachers, peers, community leaders and the media. In most societies, constructions of gender results in an imbalance of power between men and women and gender inequality that negatively impacts the lives of women.
It is important this understanding of gender informs the gender analysis. This means ensuring data collection activities, analysis and recommendations for programming are designed and implemented in ways that can promote gender transformations that can in turn help ensure the success of the community integration for all Muslim IDPs and Rakhine community members. Dominant forms of gender that secure power for men over women are recognized to be contributors to conflict. In contrast, gender equality and the equal inclusion of women are recognized as necessary for peace. By ensuring the analysis is designed and carried out based on an understanding of gender as changeable, this analysis has the best chance of contributing to a peaceful transition for all persons affected by the cam closure and community integration.
The international consultant will be supported by a national consultant(s) to undertake this work. The national consultants will be responsible for collecting data under the guidance of the international consultant and for providing any logistical support needed to complete the analysis.
The international consultant will also need to work closely with the consultants responsible for undertaking additional analyses linked to this project, to ensure gender is central to this work. The analyses are: